The Somali Education.

Before the colonial era, Koranic schools provided traditional Islamic education. Upon completion of the Koran, students were introduced to theology, Arabic grammar, literature, and sharia (Islamic law). After this, they might study under separate scholars, each having strength in a particular discipline.

For this reason, students often had to travel long distances. The most important centers of learning were Seylac, Harar, Mogadishu, Marka, Brava, and Baardheere. The colonial era introduced Western-style education. The two colonial powersBritish in the north and Italian in the southpursued different educational policies.

The Italian-run schools provided technical training in agriculture, commerce, maritime studies, and aviation, while the British schools trained young men for administrative and technical positions. Educational opportunities expanded after the Somali script was introduced in the 1970s as a medium of instruction at the primary, intermediate, and secondary levels. Basic education became compulsory. Secondary education, however, remained beyond the grasp of most Somalis. In the late 1980s, the number of students in secondary school was less than 10% of the total in primary schools. In recent years, an Islamic resurgence has led to a revival of Islamic education in both urban and rural areas.

Technical schools offered training in agriculture, communication, crafts, and other fields. In addition to formal technical education, apprenticeships in trades such as blacksmithing, carpentry, farming, fishing, and pastoralism passed skills from parents to children. Somalia's principal institution of higher learning, the Somali National University, was founded in 1970, with nine faculties. It later expanded to 13. Before the outbreak of civil war, the university had 4,000 students. Two years of civil war destroyed most of Somalia's educational institutions, and many of the educated elite left the country. There are now attempts to restart education in clan enclaves.


See Also:Some related link about the origine and the phonetic of the somali language.

The Role of Somali language in Education Afro-Asiatic Family
A guide to writing systems  
Somali alphabet  
Languages of Somalia  
Somali language